As with any mutual fund, there are risks to investing. There is no guarantee that a Fund will meet its investment objective. The following is a description of the principal risks of the Funds, which may adversely affect a Fund's net asset value and total return. There are other circumstances (including additional risks of the Funds that are not described herein) which could prevent a Fund from achieving its investment objective.
Cash Position Risk. A Fund may hold cash or short-term instruments, such as interest-bearing savings accounts or demand deposit accounts at banks and investments in money market accounts for many reasons including, (i) as part of the Adviser's strategy in order to take advantage of investment opportunities as they arise, (ii) when the portfolio managers believe that market conditions are unfavorable for profitable investing for the Fund, (iii) when the portfolio managers are otherwise unable to locate attractive investment opportunities for the Fund, (iv) as a temporary measure in order to meet redemption requests, or (v) as a defensive measure in response to adverse market or economic conditions. During periods when a Fund maintains exposure to cash or short-term instruments, it may not participate in market movements to the same extent that it would if the Fund was more fully invested in equity securities.
Cash Sweep Program Risk. The Funds may invest in cash sweep programs administered by the Funds' custodian or another third party through which the Funds' cash holdings are placed in interest-bearing savings accounts or demand deposit accounts at various banks. All sweep vehicles, whether or not registered under the Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended ("1940 Act"), carry certain risks. For example, money market fund sweep vehicles are subject to market risks and are not subject to FDIC protection. Additionally, bank deposit sweep vehicles are subject to bank failure risk, but are eligible for FDIC protection up to a limit of $250,000 per account. The vehicle through which a Fund's cash sweep program is administered may include bank deposits that are not registered under the 1940 Act, in which case, a Fund, as an investor in the vehicle, would not be entitled to the protections afforded by the 1940 Act.
CyberSecurity Risk. In connection with the increased use of technologies such as the Internet and the dependence on computer systems to perform necessary business functions, each Fund may be susceptible to operational, information security and related risks due to the possibility of cyber-attacks or other incidents. Cyber incidents may result from deliberate attacks or unintentional events. Each Fund and its shareholders could be negatively impacted as a result of successful cyber-attacks against, or security breakdowns of, a Fund or its third-party service providers. A Fund may incur substantial costs to prevent or address cyber incidents in the future. In addition, there is a possibility that certain risks have not been adequately identified or prepared for. Furthermore, a Fund cannot directly control any cybersecurity plans and systems put in place by third party service providers. Cybersecurity risks are also present for issuers of securities in which a Fund invests, which could result in material adverse consequences for such issuers, and may cause a Fund's investment in such securities to lose value.
Equity Securities Risk. Each Fund will invest in equity securities. Equity securities (which generally include common stocks, preferred stocks, warrants, securities convertible into common or preferred stocks and similar securities) are generally volatile and more risky than some other forms of investment. Equity securities of companies with relatively small market capitalizations may be more volatile than the securities of larger, more established companies.
Other Investment Company Risk. The Funds may invest in investment companies that are corporations, trusts, or partnerships that invest pooled shareholder dollars in securities appropriate to the organization’s objective. Mutual funds, closed-end funds, unit investment trusts and ETFs are examples of investment companies. By investing in another investment company, the Funds will indirectly bear any asset-based fees and expenses charged by the underlying investment company in which the Funds invest. Investments in securities of other investment companies are subject to statutory limitations prescribed by the 1940 Act. Absent an available exemption, the Funds may not: (i) acquire more than 3% of the voting securities of any other investment company; (ii) invest more than 5% of their total assets in securities of any one investment company; or (iii) invest more than 10% of their total assets in securities of all investment companies.
Investment Focus Risk. To the extent that a Fund focuses its investments in particular industries, classes or sectors (such as healthcare, technology, retail, financial services and business services) of the economy, any market price movements, regulatory or technological changes, or economic conditions affecting companies in those industries, asset classes or sectors will have a significant impact on the Fund’s performance. The Funds will not concentrate their investments, as defined under the 1940 Act.
Large-Capitalization Company Risk. Large-capitalization companies may go in and out of favor based on market and economic conditions. Large companies may be unable to respond quickly to new competitive challenges, such as changes in technology, and also may not be able to attain the high growth rate of successful smaller companies, especially during extended periods of economic expansion. Although the securities of larger companies may be less volatile than those of companies with smaller market capitalizations, returns on investments in securities of large capitalization companies could trail the returns on investments in securities of smaller companies.
Liquidity Risk. From time to time, the trading market for a particular security or type of security in which the Funds invest may become less liquid or even illiquid. Reduced liquidity will have an adverse impact on the Funds’ ability to sell such securities when necessary to meet the Funds’ liquidity needs or in response to a specific economic event. Market quotations for such securities may be volatile.
Managed Portfolio Risk. The Adviser’s investment strategies or choice of specific securities may be unsuccessful and may cause the Funds to incur losses.
Market Risk. The market price of a security or instrument may decline, sometimes rapidly or unpredictably, due to general market conditions that are not specifically related to a particular company, such as real or perceived adverse economic or political conditions throughout the world, changes in the general outlook for corporate earnings, changes in interest or currency rates or adverse investor sentiment generally. The market value of a security or instrument also may decline because of factors that affect a particular industry or industries, such as labor shortages or increased production costs and competitive conditions within an industry.
Non-Diversification Risk. Each Fund is considered to be non-diversified, which means that it may invest more of its assets in the securities of a single issuer or a smaller number of issuers than if it were a diversified fund. To the extent a Fund invests a significant percentage of its assets in a limited number of issuers, the Fund is subject to the risks of investing in those few issuers, and may be more susceptible to a single adverse economic or regulatory occurrence. As a result, changes in the market value of a single security could cause greater fluctuations in the value of Fund shares than would occur in a diversified fund.
Small-Cap and Mid-Cap Company Risk. The securities of small-capitalization and mid-capitalization companies may be subject to more abrupt or erratic market movements and may have lower trading volumes or more erratic trading than securities of larger, more established companies or market averages in general. In addition, such companies typically are more likely to be adversely affected than large capitalization companies by changes in earnings results, business prospects, investor expectations or poor economic or market conditions.
It is possible to lose money on an investment in a Fund. Investments in a Fund are not deposits or obligations of any bank, are not endorsed or guaranteed by any bank and are not insured or guaranteed by the U.S. government, the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, the Federal Reserve Board or any other government agency.